As green leaves emerge and plants start photosynthesizing early in the growing season there is a shift from a winter condition where marsh ecosystems emit C02 to a growing season condition where marsh ecosystems capture more atmospheric C02 that they emit. In other words, ecosystems shift from being a source of C02 during the winter leaf-off months to being a sink of C02 during the leaf-on months. When marshlands become sinks of C02 they perform a valuable ecosystem service by removing greenhouse gas from the atmosphere and burying it in the sediments where it may remain buried for hundreds if not thousands of years if left undisturbed. There is an exact day each year when this shift from source to sink occurs and it`s usually at the end of April. MERI scientists select this time period to calibrate the LI-7500A Open Path CO2/H2O Analyzer (CO2 sensor) that measures CO2 fluxes at the boundary between marsh vegetation and the atmosphere. The accuracy of the measurements from these sensors mounted on a 2.8 meters tower above the marsh surface depends on how well they are calibrated. To correctly measure this important ecosystem service, MERI scientists conduct detailed calibrations at the start of the growing season, in the middle (July-August) and at the end (December-January).
The NJDEP’s mapping contest is an old tradition among map makers in the State of New Jersey. This year marked the 28th annual event with nearly 100 participants from NJ State agencies, County and academia. Michael Stepowyj of MERI (NJSEA) took the overall Gail P. Carter Award for “Best Application of Science and GIS”. Michael also took 2nd Place in Data Integration (12 entries) and 2nd overall in “Newbie” category. This was Michael’s first mapping contest as part of the MERI group and a remarkable achievement for the 3 categories he won. This marks the third year in a row that the MERI-GIS group received top awards in various categories in NJDEP’s annual mapping contest.
Working in tandem with Riverkeeper and our Commission’s Parks Department, the MERI GIS team has developed an interactive web mapping application that details a boating trail along the Hackensack River within our district. The map application was created with ArcGIS Online services and includes the main path, secondary paddling trails, and seventeen points of interest along the river. These points include important natural, cultural, and historical features that gives paddlers a glimpse of the area’s history while they enjoy their excursion. The public can access this map service on their home desktops or on their mobile devices. The seventeen markers along the river have corresponding pictures and information attached to supplement the map. Paddlers can access the Paddle Map web application through the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission ArcGIS Online Portal: http://njmc.maps.arcgis.com/home/
Dr. Richard Shaw, the State Soils Scientist from USDA-NRCS and his staff along with Kathleen Strakosch Walz, a wetland ecologist from the Office of Natural Lands and Management, NJDEP visited one of MERI’s sediment elevation tables monitoring sites in anticipation of a marsh soil mapping project. According to Dr. Shaw “The objective of this project is to begin collecting characterization data for our tidal marsh soils in a cooperative effort with some of our partner agencies. It will initiate long term monitoring of tidal marsh properties at sites where our cooperators have established sediment elevation tables (SETs) and collected supplemental site information. The New York City Department of Parks & Recreation, the Meadowlands Environmental Research Institute, the Barnegat Bay Partnership and the U.S. Academy of Natural Sciences all have established sediment elevation tables at selected sites in NYC and NJ. Marsh sites will be sampled from these sites by horizon to approximately 2 meters and samples will be sent to the USDA-NRCS Kellogg Soil Survey Laboratory in Lincoln, NE, for complete physical, chemical and mineralogical analyses. The data will help in understanding depositional and pedological processes, and to some extent the anthropogenic effects, taking place in the tidal areas, and provide the foundation for an evaluation of our tidal marsh mapping and for the long term monitoring of soil change”. Read more..
Environment scientists from the Meadowlands Environmental Research Institute (MERI) visited the installations of the Urban Ocean Observatory at the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken. Data from MERI’s water elevation monitoring stations in the lower Hackensack River estuary are now contributing real-time water elevation information to the Davidson Laboratory Storm Surge Warning System. As a result, most areas in the NJMC District will soon have reliable sea surge forecasting from the Pharos super-computer at the Davison labs. Scientists also visited Davidson’s Lab experimental wave generating water tank. This tank is used to evaluate boat and ship hull designs as well as to study the effects of waves on coast defense structures. The Davidson tank can also be used to investigate the buffering capacity of natural and engineered wetlands to help reduce flooding in urban areas. The new sea surge warning system should be operational by June for the onset of the next hurricane season. See presentation…
MERI has been awarded an EPA grant in the amount of $215,239 to conduct a study titles Benthic Biodiversity and Benthic Pollutants in Emergent Marshes of the NJ Meadowlands. The proposed study will look at benthic diversity and population density at two wetland sites and contaminant loads associated with the benthic community at three other wetland sites in the Meadowlands. This study will complement historical baselines of sediment contamination and benthic diversity providing new and updated information critical to the future enhancement and management of these highly impacted urban coastal wetlands.
Steven Cohen demonstrated to MERI Staff the latest drone technology for acquisition of aerial imagery and video. Steve coordinates the Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle (UAS) and Mechatronics Education STEM GPS program at Bergen County Community College (BCC). A future collaboration between MERI and this program would involve on the one hand, the transfer of drone technology to MERI and on the other, BCC students would be trained on image processing techniques and methods at MERI. Drone technology is quickly becoming a preferred tool for environmental monitoring and will complement MERI’s current balloon photography for monitoring estuarine plant and animal communities.
On October 21, 2014 MERI hosted a USAID-funded Vietnam Forests and Deltas Program facilitated by the Coastal Resources Center of the University of Rhode Island. The objective of the study tour is to provide opportunities for Vietnamese officials and leaders to consider broader adaption strategies for rivers and deltas. USAID encourages the tour participants to consider some of the longer-term planning challenges facing deltas, notably with sea level rise and resettlement and various water issues. To achieve these objectives and to present innovative thinking, the US tour will visit government, business, academia and community leaders working in NY/NJ region as well as New Orleans and the Louisiana region of the Mississippi Delta. First stop of the tour was the New Jersey Meadowlands which is considered a large urban estuary and where joint actions between a variety of actors from government, industry and communities are addressing the long-term planning challenges facing this and other estuaries and deltas because of sea level rise.
MERI-GIS will be hosting a series of training sessions for In-District municipalities. The sessions will cover how to use the Municipal Map web mapping application, to get municipal officials familiarized with new tools and to get a better understanding of the overall functionality of the tools available. The second component is the Emergency Response Information System (ERIS) which focuses on emergency planning and pre-planning.
MERI, the scientific arm of the NJ Meadowlands Commission shared valuable work related to the Meadowlands region at the Mid Atlantic Chapter of URISA. This marked the 17th bi-annual MAC-URISA Conference that provides technology-rich moderated sessions, workshops and networking opportunities for GIS professionals. Studies presented by MERI ranged from spatially explicit flood modeling efforts to Balloon photography of wetlands, GIS and permitting workflow, Hyperspectral remote sensing of marsh vegetation and estuary sediment movement patterns.